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The Shasta Daisy

The Shasta Daisy would one say one is of the spines of a perpetual outskirt, with enduring 3 creep wide shimmering white blossoms and yellow focuses on solid stems that grow up to 40? tall, blossoming in June through September. The blossoms make brilliant cut blooms, and in the scene they draw in honey bees and butterflies.

As a young fellow in Massachusetts, Luther Burbank adored the wild oxeye daisies (Leucanthemum vulgare), considered a poisonous weed by the neighborhood agriculturists. At the point when Burbank moved to California in 1884, he started building up his nursery and refining the oxeye. Following 15 years of rearing, Burbank at long last built up a completely new species, Leucanthemum x superbum, which turned into a moment achievement. One straightforward recipe clarification I saw was this: oxeye daisy + English field daisy dust + Portuguese field daisy dust + Japanese daisy dust = Shasta daisy. The genuine Shasta does not have the intrusive attributes of the regular oxeye however in the event that permitted to set seed, a few seeds may return.

The name ‘Shasta Daisy’ supposedly comes from Burbank comparing the crisp white petals to the pure white snow on Mt. Shasta. I have read that the word ‘Daisy’ came from ‘Dad’s Eye’ and morphed into ‘Day’s Eye’ for the similarity of a daisy to the yellow sun with its white ‘rays’.

Shasta Daisies are hardy in zones 4-9 and often characterized by an unusual and somewhat unpleasant odor. They like full sun and well-drained fertile soil with a pH from 6.1 to 7.8 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline). They tolerate a range of conditions including partial shade but not wet feet in winter. Deadheading extends the blooming season. They are attractive to bees and butterflies but fortunately, not to deer. Propagation is by cuttings or division of the clumps (which should be divided every 2-3 years for plant vigor).

Shastas are best planted in spring after frost has passed, or early fall. When planting from nursery containers, carefully
remove the root ball and check to be sure they are not root-bound. I carefully loosen any roots encircling the rootball. Place in well-composted soil, and water well until established.

The first named Shasta daisy developed by Burbank was ‘Alaska’. Later he crossed that with a wild daisy-like Northern California flower to make a double/triple fringe-petalled variety he named ‘Marconi’ and a triple-quadruple petalled variety ‘Esther Read’. There have now been over 100 named varieties introduced since 1901. [1].

My favorite Shasta daisy is Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Becky’, discovered growing in Atlanta by Ida Mae Gatlin and passed on to her daughter and then to Jimmy and Becky Stewart. This passalong daisy went through a couple of other people and names before Bill Funkhouser joined Wayside Gardens and included it in their catalogs as Leucanthemum ‘Becky’. [2] Unlike many Shasta daisies, ‘Becky’ will stand up to both the hot, humid Atlanta summers and cold northern winters. The tall stems are strong and do not need staking, and ‘Becky’ starts blooming late June to early July when other Shastas are finishing.

Some Shasta Daisy Varieties:
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Alaska’, 18-30”
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Becky’, 36-48”
Leucanthemum ‘Broadway Lights’, flowers opening bright yellow and turning all shades from butter to cream to pure white as they mature, 18-24”
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Crazy Daisy’, early bloomer, fluffy double flowers
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Little Princess’, compact 6-12”
Leucanthemum superbum ‘Silver Princess’, dwarf 12-15”
Leucanthemum ‘Snowdrift’, shaggy double and semi-double 30-34”
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Snow Lady’, dwarf Shasta with 2-3″ white flowers, 8-12”
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Summer Snowball’, large, double dahlia-like flower heads of pure white with no yellow center, 24-36”
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Switzerland’, Multiple flowers per stem, one of the longest bloomers, 24-36”
Leucanthemum x superbum ‘Thomas Killen’, Extra large single flowers with double rows of white petals, and a crested gold center. Because of its thick, sturdy stems, this variety is better suited as a cut flower. 12-30”